Transmission in a truck or car is one of the most important components of a vehicle. They mainly comprise computer-controlled electronic components and sophisticated hydraulics. Those who drive a car or truck knows how important it is to change the gear when either speeding up or slowing down to ensure that the engine is not overworked.
Transmissions are connected to the vehicle engine by a clutch, which plays an important role in decoupling the transmission from the engine when you change gears.
What Are the Types of Transmission in a Truck?
Over the years, there have been various innovations in the automobile industry. Today’s motor vehicles are more sophisticated than ever and come with a unique type of transmission. Some cars or trucks even have multiple types of transmission – this is generally dependent on the vehicle’s engine size.
There are three types of transmissions – manual, automatic, and CVT – all of which are designed to ensure the optimal performance of a vehicle. Read on to find what each type of transmission means and how it works.
1. Manual Transmission
As the name suggests, manual transmissions – also known as a stick shift or a standard transmission – uses a driver-operated clutch to transfer torque power to the transmission effectively. This clutch is either used through a hand lever or a foot pedal. Since these types of transmission are inarguably the simplest, they also come with a long life. In addition, vehicles equipped with manual transmissions also carry an affordable price tag, making such vehicles a prime choice for motor owners.
2. Automatic Transmission
Even though manual transmissions are simple and have a long, useful life, many people don’t like the extra work they have to put in to keep them going. Also, the 21st century has encouraged everything automatic which is why many people would think twice before saying yes to a car with manual transmissions. Your driving experience should be relaxing and not tiring – and cars with a manual transmission can indeed be a lot of work. For drivers who want to drive their cars even more comfortably, automatic transmissions is the ideal choice.
When you drive a vehicle equipped with automatic transmission, you’d see that controlling the vehicle at low speed is a lot easier. As the name suggest, automatic transmission can change gears on their own and doesn’t require a driver to hit the clutch.
3. Continuously Variable Transmission
Many of you might have already learnt about the above two types of transmissions – automatic and manual. But what may have been relatively new for you is a continuously variable transmission (CVT) – commonly referred to as a shiftless transmission. Instead of going through a fixed number of gear ratios, it changes through a continuous range of effective gear ratios.
Trucks are normally used for two purposes – either for recreational or to perform heavy-duty work. The trucks that are used for recreational purposes have up to six gears which can be either manual or automatic.
Heavy or large trucks are equipped with three types of transmissions – splitter, range, and range-splitter.
How Do You Know What Transmission Is In Your Truck?
Now that you know the different types of transmissions, it is understandable that you would want to know what transmission is installed in your truck. Figuring this out is not really a Herculean task and you don’t need a trip to the auto dealership or your local mechanic to find out your vehicle’s transmission. Generally, the following are the methods that you can adopt to know what transmission is in your truck.
1. Owner’s Manual
Your vehicle’s manual contains all the relevant details of your car. In case you’re wondering what transmission your truck has, we recommend you locate your vehicle’s manual and find it in there.
2. White Card on Driver’s Door
Your car body also has many markings that tell you important details of your vehicle. You can find one such detail on the car’s door as well. On the door, you will find a white card with black lettering. This little card has every detail of your car – the year it was made, its engine specifications, its transmission and other relevant details. Under the TR symbol, you will find a number code. Now, call your dealership or auto parts retailer and find out what the transmission is related to that number.
3. Oil Pan
Locate the oil pan in your car’s engine. The shape of an oil pan can easily tell you what type of transmission you have. In case the oil pan has an odd shape, you have an automatic transmission.
4. Under the Hood
Another way to know about your vehicle’s transmission is to look under the hood. Lift the component and look for a sticker. Many stickers have every detail of your car that you need to know. You will also find what type of transmission in your car on the sticker.
There are four easy ways to figure out what type of transmission is in your vehicle.
You can also take your local mechanic and ask them to show you the spots on the car where you can find the relevant details about your vehicle.
Can the VIN Number Tell Your Transmission?
Yes. The Vehicle Identification Number is also another way through which you can find what type of transmission your vehicle has. You can call your local dealership with your VIN and find out about your vehicle’s transmission. A VIN is like a fingerprint of the car. No two cars can have the same VIN.
This is why using your VIN number is an effective way to find out about your vehicle’s transmission.
The Final Word
Transmission is one of the most important components of your car, but a majority of people know little about it. Finding out what type of transmission is in your car is very easy. In case you find it difficult to figure out the type of transmission, your information is just a call away – call your local dealership and inquire about the transmission in your car.